This subproject explores housing aesthetics in Maputo, Mozambique, as medium rather than endpoint for subjective and collective aspirations. For many urbanites, the building or purchase of a house acquires huge investments of human and financial resources. It is an objective that many aspire towards but fewer succeed in achieving. With this project, I wish to examine how and when a house ceases to function as an objective and, instead, becomes a medium for other aspirations. It takes its point of departure in an ethnographic comparison between two of the largest urban planning initiatives to be implemented in Mozambique in recent years: the Intaka Community on the northern periphery of Maputo and the ‘New City’ (locally known as ‘China Town’) in the KaTembe peninsula across the Maputo Bay. In both instances, aesthetic values associated with the middle-class seem to be realized by groups of urbanites who do not desire typically spatially envisioned middle class status. In the Intaka Community, regular residents reconfigure the material aesthetics of the area in order to separate themselves from a collective that is based on supposed middle class values but to which they do not want to remain attached. While the design of the area was inspired by early socialist ideals of communal cohabitation, the majority of residents seek to separate themselves from the community by building 2-3 meter high cement walls. In the KaTembe peninsula, squatters have invaded the building site for the ‘New City’ and commenced building temporary shelter while laying foundations for permanent houses in order to be resettled to formally planned residential plots elsewhere. Hence, while none of the involved urbanites seem to want to remain in these areas, their aspirations of moving elsewhere are realized as an investment in the spatial aesthetics of the enclave-like communities where they are currently living.