According to written sources a group of Icelanders – lead by Eric the Red – settled in Southwest Greenland c. 985 AD. They settled in the Eastern Settlement and in the Western Settlement almost simultaneously. Further, according to written sources, the Western Settlement was depopulated in the middle of the 14th century, whereas the last written evidence of life in the Eastern Settlement is dated 1408 AD.
Archaeological finds and radiocarbon dates suggest that the Eastern Settlement remained populated at least until the middle of the 15th century. Presently, archaeology and radiocarbon dates do not form a basis for questioning the other dates.